1. Where is the frog located on a horse? A: Hoof
2. What candy bar was named after a horse? A: Snickers
3. A horse is what type of animal and what is it's first type of defense? A: Prey and run
4 Why do people mount on the left side of a horse? A: An old tradition from the Knights
5 What teaches a horse? A: Release
6 The Gaskin is located where on the horse? A: The back Legs
7 What is a white spot/marking between the eyes of a horse called? A: A star
8 What is the part of the hoof at the top of the hoof, where the hair meets the hoof, called? A: Cornet
9 How long does a horse carry it's baby before birth? A: 11 Months
10 Where is the coffin bone located? A: The Hoof
11 Zebra Stripes are normally located where on a horse? A: Legs
12 The normal body temperature of a horse is: A: 101
13 If a horse attempts to hit you with is front foot it is called a: A: A Strike
14 A horse produces how much saliva each day: A: 12 Gallons
15 An average horse's stomach holds how much: A: 4 Gallons
16 A horse can breathe through their mouth when? A: Never
17 Horses have the largest eye of any land animal? A: True
18 A horse is the only animal that sweats like a human? A: True
19 A horse uses more energy laying down than standing up? A: True
20 A horse uses less energy swimming then running? A: False
21 The average horse's heart weighs approximately how many pounds? A: 9 to 10 pounds
22 HIPPOPHOBIA means? A: Fear of Horses
23 Horses belong to the Equus family. Equus comes from the ancient Greek word meaning? A: Quickness
24 Quarter horses were developed in America from crosses between ___________ and descendants of Spanish horses. A: Thoroughbred
25 Horses have about how many bones in their body? A: 205
26 A Quarter Horse belongs to what breed? A: Warm blood
27 A Mustang belongs to what breed? A: Warm Blood
28 A Clydesdale belongs to what breed? A: Cold Blood
29 A Thoroughbred belongs to what breed? A: Hot Blood
30 A mare that has never been bred. A: Maiden Mare
31 The bars on a horse are located where? (Not the bars on the hoof) A: The mouth (where the bit sits)
32 The Guttural pouch is located where on the horse? A: The head under the ear
33 What percentage of a horses body weight can a horse safely carry? A: 20%
34 Rope halters are better for horses why? A: Stronger and no buckles
35 Horse shoes are bad for horses why? A: All of the above
36 The driveline of a horse is located where? A: the front legs and or shoulders
37 Where should you be positioned on the driveline to make a horse go forward? A: Behind the driveline
38 A leverage bit give the rider more power by changing the ratio of pull (like 3 to 1 or 5 to 1). The thing that determines the ratio is the length of the ______________ A: The length of the shank
39 The horn, on a western saddle, sits on what part of the saddle? A: Pommel
40 A snaffle bit is what type of bit? A: Non-leverage and direct rein bit
41 A bucking strap is also called a _______________ which helps a rider stay in the saddle when tired. A: Nightlatch
42 When leading a horse you should always wrap the rope around your hand in case the horse pulls, so you will not drop the rope. A: False
43 It a horse pins his ears, it always means he is mad. A: False, it can mean pain or listening behind him
44 When a horse swishes his tail, he is always trying to warn you to get away. A: False, swatting a fly
45 You should always keep the reins tight so your horse cannot run away. A: False, lose should be lose
46 Direct reining is used with what type of bit? A: Snaffle and non-leverage
47 The normal resting respiration rate of a horse is about _________. A: 10 to 20
48 The normal resting heart rate of a horse is ________ bpm. A: 30 to 40
49 When a horse runs at full speed his heart rate can rise to ______ bpm. A: Over 200 as high as 250
50 A horse that has a dorsal stripe and zebra striping is commonly called a ___________. A: Dun
Discussion on Helmets and Horse Riding
Here is my response to this report:
I am a horseman, not to be confused with a horse owner, horse rider or horse showman. I did an article in direct conflict with your stats. I push for better education and smarter decisions and I think a helmet is a false sense of security. Your stats are compelling and make my point. The fact that only 10% of injuries were work related demonstrates that people who need and work with a horse for a living are less likely to be injured since they are more likely experienced horsemen.
However, in the horse world nowadays, where 90% of all horse owners are women and 80% of all horse owners get out of horses in the first year (normally from fear or injury), shows a huge turn over which results in many inexperienced horse owners. The majority of horses now are kept in Boarder Barns where experience is low and with the high turn-over of horses and owners, the same bad lessons are being taught and repeated. It would be interesting to know how many hurt people owned horses and for how long, were they rented horses, borrowed horses or leased, all of this would show, in my opinion that experience, confidence and expertise was a big factor in the injuries. I wonder how many or what percentage of injuries were from working horsemen that worked, lived and owned their own horses for many years? I work with so called dangerous horses and work in herds of horse where the odds of getting kicked or hurt is tremendously multiplied, yet I have not been hurt in these higher risk scenarios. I do not wear a helmet and when I have tried, it did some negative things that for me, made it more dangerous such as, impeding my vision, interfering with my hearing, throwing off my balance from adjusting and moving the helmet as I tried to ride and all of this distracts me from the much needed attention that should be devoted to watching my horse, observing my surroundings, predicting danger or communicating with my horse with full attention. Also knowing I am not wearing a helmet keeps more focused that my risk of injury is greater if I slack off my horsemanship skills.
My web site (www.thinklikeahorse.org) is very informative and I try and educate people to understand a horse better so they are safer with knowledge and understanding rather than just putting on a helmet. I think education and understanding of a horse will keep you safer in the long term than just wearing a helmet. I know the argument is if it may help why not use it, I think it hurts more than it may helps in many cases.
As a retired cop and retired military, there is a behavior called the 'Superman Syndrome (SMS)'. It results when people are so protected that they feel safer and are more willing to take greater risk since they think they are more protected and less likely to get hurt, even if something goes bad. This happens when race car drivers get 5 point seat belts and helmets and fire proof suits, it also happens when SWAT teams get better full bullet proof protection suits so they don't use tactics and rely on their bullet proof attire and in the military, people will take unnecessary risk since when they know they have better equipment and lots of back up with aircraft and artillery support as opposed to being on their own with little back up. I think this happens in the horse world with the "magical" helmet protection theory.
Here is a study that was done in Australia:
For the complete report Click Here
I see people riding and working with horses all the time and they do not know what they are doing or how much in danger they are. I see people get on horses that I know should not be ridden and are going to buck or run off and yet lots of people, mainly women with helmets, do things they should not, but they get this false since of security from the helmet or fall into the SMS and do things they should not. And of greater interest to me, the horse pays every time a person gets hurt. So, from my view, a helmet not only gets people in trouble, it hurts horses as well.
Just thought I would share an experience horse guy point of view with you. Thanks of again for the info.
Think Like A Horse
Here is a link to my video on this topic: Why Riding Helmets are Bad
Why does a Horse Yawn:
My own personal theory and answer on this is the same answer for most all horse questions, "It Depends."
Let's talk about what a yawn is. A yawn is a reflexive and involuntary action. It causes the jaw to drop, the mouth to open, an inhalation of air, filling of the lungs, increasing air intake, the abdominal muscles flex, the diaphragm is pushed down, the jaw is stretched, opening the tubes of the ear canal and eardrums and equalizing pressure in the inner ear. Then it is followed by exhalation of air in a calming release of energy and relaxed type action. The average yawn last a bout six seconds. Yawning is said to be involuntary since humans yawn before they are born. A person's heart rate can rise up to 30 percent during a yawn. The elevated heart rate could be caused by a stimulation of the Vagus nerve. There is some evidence that suggest when yawning, the extended jaw stimulates the Vagus Nerve, which controls the heart and is located in the neck, and this stimulation contributes to the elevated heart rate. Many think a yawn is associated with boredom or a lack of interest. Other evidence suggests it occurs when a person is faced with worrying or a dangerous situation. Folklore states you should cover your mouth when yawning to prevent the soul from escaping. There is also a Brain cooling theory. Since Cool Brains can think more clearly, a sudden increase of oxygen can cool the brain, therefore preparing for clearer thinking or better decisions.
Some causes or reasons for yawns vary. Some say it is from tiredness, lack of sleep, boredom, mimicking behavior, warning, threat, health benefit or to increase alertness. As humans most can relate to yawning when bored, tired or yawning when we see others yawn. Other animals prey and predator will yawn for different reasons. There is some evidence that some yawning can be medically related, like in diabetes, medicine side affects, and stroke or chemical/adrenaline release. Another medical belief is that when the body lacks oxygen, a yawn is a way to increase the oxygen content of the blood and a way to get blood rich oxygen to the brain. This oxygen can also cause alertness and help to keep you awake or it could be to make you more alert. The side affects of this and what could be another cause, is the body may sense too much carbon dioxide in the blood and by getting a big breath with a big exhale; you increase oxygen and decrease carbon dioxide. Could a human yawn be a survival instinct that was previously used for preparing for battle or a fight, could it be instinctual, could it be the body's way of giving an oxygen boost before a confrontation to assist in strength or speed? In police work and in the military, people yawn before and after high stress situations. Paratroopers yawn before jumping out of a plane, SWAT members yawn before a hostile entry, cops yawn after they are shot at or after they shoot at someone, all related to stress, lack of oxygen or need for oxygen, using too much oxygen, increased heart rate and other reasons. You can read more about the affects of fear and the body's response on my Horse and Rider Fear page (Click here).
Next time you go to the gym look around, you will see people yawning. This could show a lack of fitness, a lack of oxygen, an expression of tiredness or a way to get a boost of oxygen before a big lift or strain. Since yawning is contagious, it can be caused by seeing a yawn, talking about a yawn or suggesting a yawn. The odds are that before you finish reading this article, you will yawn at least once. Did you do it yet?
Side Fact: All vertebrates (including fish) yawn, but only humans, chimps and dogs find yawns contagious.
Let's talk about some things that most people do NOT associate yawns with. Some animals will sometime yawn to show off their large teeth or big mouth, a show of strength or to threaten or intimidate others. Some say a yawn can be a warning to other herd members to get prepared for flight or fight or to wake up the herd and to make them more alert. When an animal is nervous they sometime will yawn and this could be from stress and this stress could be emotional and or physical. Nervousness can be caused by fear or threat of fear. Some Primates and Feline species see a yawn as a form of challenge or disrespect. Others species may yawn as a way to show submission or respect. When a foal or young horse meets an older horse they clack their teeth, this is accompanied with an out stretched neck, open jaw and mouth, much like a yawn. Dogs will open their jaws when dominating lower dogs. After a dog pins a lower dog and gets on top of the lower dog, the dog on top will open his jaw wide, like a yawn and show his strength and to show off his large canine teeth. Some yawns may be a way of deception to make the enemy appear safe and relaxed before a surprise attack. Some Penguins use yawning as a way to court the opposite sex. Dogs will sometime yawn after humans yawn. I have seen dogs yawn when they are confused or trying to figure something out. Snakes yawn or do a yawning type motion when trying to align their jaw after swallowing a large meal. Some animals yawn when in pain or discomfort. So as you can see the causes of a yawn are varied.
Most agree that yawning normally increases your state of alertness and awareness. Many humans can understand this if they have every driven when extremely tired. I remember yawning almost uncontrollably five or ten time in few minutes in an attempt not to fall asleep while driving long distances. I now look back and see that the yawning could have been a way for the body to warn me of danger. The danger was if I fall asleep while driving on a highway at 60 mph I could kill me or someone else.
An important thing to remember is to notice and be aware of what is going on when your horse yawns. That is key to better understand of why your horse is yawning at a particular time. No right or wrong answer and no one will know for sure. However, I am sure there are lots of barn managers and life long horse owners that will have the absolute one answer for every horse problem and will be willing to share it with you. That should be a big clue that they do NOT know what they are talking about.
There is none so blind then those who do not want to see.
NOTE: This is important to know and remember: It is OK to say I don't know or I am not sure when it comes to horses. Knowing and accepting that there are so many variables and unknowns in horses, anyone that claims to know it all, only proves they don't know much at all. Good Horsemen do not ever think they know it all and will always be willing to listen to their horse and learn more from the horse.
In closing this simple and non-complex topic about horses and the reasons they MAY yawn. Horses yawning could be a way that a horse clears dust from their airway; it could be a sign of abdominal pain or colic; it could be to relieve the pain from ulcers; to dislodge something from the cheek and gum; it could be to release endorphins for calming; it could be a sign of submission; a sign to warn or alert the herd; lack of oxygen; release of stress; showing of teeth; a threat or warning; a show of tiredness; a realigning of the jaw after a metal pain bit is removed; possible oral or jaw pain; some horses yawn when morning the loss of their close friend or companion and a horse could yawn for many other reasons.
I am sure that many have heard when a horse chews or licks his lips he is learning or just has learned something. I debunk this and give a more reasonable alternative answer to this on my site. I think the same argument can be made about yawning. It could also be associated with learning, release of pressure or relaxing.
I think the best indicate on why a horse has yawned is paying attention to what just happened or what is happening in the horse's environment. I think it is best, like most things with horses, when a horse yawns you should examine the circumstances or situation the horse is in or has just come from. Things to consider could be new training, fear, pressure, excitement, boredom, herd dynamics, release of pressure and other things.
By being the smarter dumb animal and by looking deeper and seeing the world through the horse's eyes, we are more likely to figure out why a horse yawns in each specific situation. Always looking at things from a horse's point of view will help you understand more about the horse. Like all things in horses, if you look for the easy or fast answer, you hinder advancement for yourself and your horse. Like most horse questions, there are no easy or short answers, it depends on many other factors, known and unknown. So the next time you see someone yawn or see another animal yawn, stop and think about what is going on, why it may be happening and what might have been the possible causes.
So this article started out from a question from someone that wanted me to tell them why their horse yawned. And like most things I cover, I only scratched the surface of this complex and ever expanding topic. I have hopefully demonstrated once again, that there are no easy or short answers in horsemanship and no one will ever know it all, but that should not stop anyone from continuing to try and learn as much as they can about our faithful loving companions, Our Horse.
Going to college never made anyone smart, it normally shows someone how little they know and how much more there is to learn.
If you remember the movie the Sixth Sense where the little boy sees dead people. This is what horse see.
Horse Scratching Post:
Horses like to scratch. If they are not provided a place to do this they will use small trees and break them, the will use fence post or fences and will bend them or they will use gates and bend them. By providing a scratching pose like this that is solid and in the middle of an open area, you keep it safe for the horses and help them feel good. This post is nice but it would be nicer with some old carpet tied around it, no bolts or sharp edges.
Many people think Zebras are white w/black stripes but they are really black w/white stripes, hence the black noses. Their stripes are vertical on their neck and body, but change to Horizontal on their butt and flanks. Lots in common w/horses both are part of the Equine family and Hippo species. Hippos are called water horses by some. Hippophobia is a fear of horses. Hippo = horse and phobia = fear.
More Zebra Information Click Here
Bits and Tie Downs:
I continue to get people defending bits and tie downs. I also get a lot of questions on how to read or talk to your horse. To be clear this horse is screaming: This horse is saying ouch, I am in pain, I am scared, I am confused, I am NOT learning, I am just in pain and fear... any questions? And someone will say it is not the bit it the hands. The Hands put the bit on and the tie down on. So trying to justify this by saying it is the hands is BS. If you don't control of your hands, you should put a bit on a horse, yet it is done everyday by the majority of horse owners.
I am always told how great Polo is and how good the riders are. This picture of a Polo rider only proves the Polo Horse sport is not different than any other horse sport. When time and winning is involved, the Horse Pays! Is there anyone that cannot see the pain, fear and confusion in this poor horse's eyes?
Introducing Horses to New Homes or places:
Getting or moving horses to new areas can be stressful for horses. If you understand a horse and know how they think, you can better prepare both horse and arrival so it is less stressful for the horse.
Plan not to arrive at new places at night. Even thou a horse can see well at night, it increases the chance of accident and the horse will take longer to relax or settle in. Plus you want other horses to be able to see each other to lessen the change of an accidental kick or bite, since pecking order, hierarchy and herd dynamics will be an issue.
This is common sense to me, but I think like a horse. So I always ask myself, if I was a horse what would I like or dislike. I would like to be able to relax after any long trailer ride, get some water, see my new area with my leader and make mental notes of danger areas or areas that concern me, new things and areas where things can jump out and possibly eat me.
So, when introducing a horse to new areas there are many things to consider. I will list some things to be aware of and to consider below:
Arrive in day light, easier for horse to see and adjust
Make sure your horse has time to get his bearing and ground legs after long trailer rides
Don't just take out of trailer at new location and throw horse into new area with new horses
Feed light so the horse is not too hungry and will not be trying to eat when scared or working into herd
Don't feed a lot since stress can cause colic and the horse will be more active & stressed at new place
Good fresh water available and the horse knows where it is
Maybe a holding pen or round pen to put horse in alone so it can get settled before throwing into new herd
If hot cool down and wet horse, small bath may cause him to roll at new place and get local scent on him
Long trailer rides mess with ears, wind, dry eyes, hearing, stress legs, dust/respiration and hooves, be aware
Some horses do better meeting with a fence between them, others do better to let them in herd
Identify dangers in new pastures, fencing, horses with shoes, corners, choke points, bad fencing, barbed wire
Maybe feed herd with several piles spread out of hay so they will eat and not all concentrate on new horse
Walk horse around fencing so the horse will see poles, fence, holes, obstacles and know boundaries
No fly mask at new places, obstructs vision, same with blankets
Don't leave horse, walk in with herd, let horse get settled before you drop off and abandon
Maybe tie horse to trailer for a while, give some hay, let him check out things from a place he knows
Keep all the new people from gathering, crowding, wanting to see and putting pressure on horse
Slow is fast, don't be or get into a hurry
If horse is alone then don't leave, they will be very insecure, nervous and stressed
Don't use flashlights or bright lights at night to see, it will blind horses (stop night vision) for over 30 mins
Control things to keep clam and less chaotic, no rushing, slow is faster
NO training or expecting a horse to be prefect or listen, the horse will be in fear and survival mode
Be aware of new pressures, listen to your horse, they will talking so listen
Understand your horses concerns and fears, don't try and fix them or teach the horse, less pressure
Obviously this is a short list, many other things, but thinking like a horse, seeing the situation from the horse's perspective and knowing there will be confusion, fear and insecurity and that all of those things are normal, will help you be more confident and that will help your horse be more confident.
Here is a picture, you may see nothing more than blurry paint, but if you stare at this for long enough a 3D picture will appear. The more you find the hidden picture, the easy it is to find. Just another example knowing what to look for, where to look for it and how to see something that appears NOT to be there.
Is a Stallion Mean? Why should You Geld a horse?
I discuss this in many videos but I wanted to cover this topic briefly. In today's world, there is NO place for Stallions. The only reason to have a Stallion and not a gelding, is for breeding. There are too many horses now that no one wants or can take care of. So why would idiots want to breed more horses? Money, ego, winning, all the things I show time and time again that is bad for horses.
With all the land being used and taken over by man, there is not enough room to allow horses to free breed, meaning letting Stallions run free in herds and breed mares as they wish. Therefore, what happens now is people keep Stallions locked up, caged up, trapped, and boarded up in stalls. That makes a horse crazy and this done just so humans can breed the horse and sell a baby for profit.
No horse is meant to be caged and for sure, NO Stallions are meant to be caged. If Stallions are allowed to be with herds, they take over, it is their nature, like they should and then people want to label them and kill them for being mean.
Therefore, in my opinion, Stallions have NO place in today's world. The slaughterhouses are full, the rescues places are full, the open lands are over-crowded with Mustangs, so they are caught and killed, so why are people even thinking of keeping a Stallion? The answer is selfishness and money.
If you keep a Stallion, you have to do lots of extra work to keep him locked in and to prevent him from breaking out and breeding, it is what they are born to do and their drive is so strong they will do anything to breed and that includes becoming dangerous.
Geld your Stallion, and don't curse a horse to life of misery being caged, alone, trapped and locked up; forever preventing it from being a horse with a herd and friends.
Horse Idioms - Meaning of Horse Sayings
Horse trade = a good bargain to bargain well, later it moved to deceive, lie or trick
Don't be nosey or nosy = Horses have always been inquisitive and curious and are known for sticking their nose in everything. Over time this was used to describe nosy people who would stick their nose in other people's business or being offensively inquisitive or curious. It is now common place for someone to call nosy but few really know the term comes from the horse.
Start Hoofing it = get to walking, leave or go, walk off, get the hooves moving
Kick his ass = when a horse fights he kicks a horse in the butt - later people would use it to kick someone's ass meaning to fight them, teach them a lesson, show them who is boss
She has lost her marbles = Long ago mares who got moody when in heat, some would put a marble inside the mare to fool the body into thinking the mare was pregnant so she would not go into heat. If a mare was acting crazy or moody it was said that she had lost her marble, hence the term now - when someone is being crazy it is said "Have you lost your marbles"
Horse around, horse play = to play rough and without regard to safety, running recklessly
Horse of a different color = strange or odd, not normal, a bit strange, not a normal behavior
Back the wrong horse = poor at picking winners in horse racing, not likely to succeed, a bad idea
Better pick a horse = race is starting, take a stand, choose a side, make a decision, do something
Change horse midstream = stick with the horse you pick, don't be wishy washy, stand by your decision, finish what you start
Good Roll in the Hay = to feel good enough to lay down and roll in the hay, relax, feeling good enjoying life
Feeling Your Oats = feeling active, lots of energy, good health, just like horses would do after some good energy oats, some say oats make a horse Hot or too active, when a horse would buck rear or want to run and play they would say he is feeling his oats
Don't Get Up On Your Hind Legs = when horses are playing, fighting, upset, trying to show dominance or pushing back, they rear up, they get high and mighty on their hind legs
Dark horse = different, not normal, a little off, strange, not much known, an underdog, from horse racing the dark horse won
Kick Up Your Heels = to run, play, enjoy life life a horse does when is let free in a field, after a bath or roll in the hay
Hay Day = in your best time, lots of good hay, having fun, feeling your oats, kicking up your heels, having a hay day
Don't get on your hind legs = When someone tells you not to get on your hind legs, they are referring to a horse rearing up on his back legs, trying to get big and bad, trying to threaten you or scare you off or challenge you. So the next time someone says "Don't get up on your hind legs with me" you will know what they are talking about.
Put the cart before the horse = slow down, do it right, don't rush and do it backwards, don't get ahead of yourself , slow way is the fast way
Don't bow up on me = horse bows his neck when proud or showing strength, don't get cocky or try and be bad, don't challenge me
Close the barn door after the horse is out = after thought, too late to fix spilled milk, once the horses are out it does no good to close the barn door, to let a secret out
Eat like a horse = eating all the time, never stops eating, always hungry, always grazing
Strong as a horse = very strong, can pull more than his weight, stronger than average
I could eat a horse = very hungry, eats a lot, I could eat all day
Hold your horses = slow down, do not rush, do not run off too fast, pull the reins in, stop chomping at the bit
Chomping at the bit to go = stop rushing, slow down, in a hurry, impatient, hold your horses
Pull the reins in on him = get control of him, don't let him run off, slow that person down
You can lead a horse to water but you can't make him drink = can't do everything, don't force things, can't fix stupid, you can help someone but you can't make them smart or good
Wild horses could not drag you away = Nothing can persuade him or her to leave or stop, someone really wants something and cannot be stopped or forced to leave
Work like a horse = works hard, does not stop, does not complain, does what he is told, lots of strength and stamina
Don't get a wild hair up your butt = when a horse gets a hair up it's butt it is irritating and the horse tends to act out, kick, buck, fuss and throw a fit - stop acting like a horse with a hair up his butt, stop fussing and throwing a fit
As stubborn as a mule = Won't change mind, his way or no way, not easy to convince, stubborn, strong willed, bull headed
Old war horse = Been around, been there done that, seen a lot, has lots of experience, long in the tooth, seasoned, wise, dependable, not much affects him
Long in the tooth = horse teeth get long as they age, someone that is old, someone that has been around a long time, experienced
The South end of a North-facing horse/mule = you are an ass or butt, showing your ass, you putting your butt towards me, you are showing your butt
There is nothing in life that is worth doing if it cannot be done from a horse = enjoys riding, thinks being on a horse is where you belong
That horse can't run fast enough to scatter his own manure = slow, lazy, not motivated
Put you out to pasture = This is when a racing horse is retired, but it can also be used with people, when someone is forced to retire, when someone is no longer useful, to put down or send away
I do not have a horse in this race = I am natural on this topic, do not care about the outcome, my opinion is non-bias, no dog in the hunt, not encouraging any outcome, no dog in the fight
Nod is as good a wink to a blind horse = if a horse cannot see it does not care if wink or nod he cannot see either, do not waste your time it will not matter, a pointless effort - if a horse cannot understand what you want and if you do not know how to talk horse, then you might as well be talking to a deaf horse
If two of us ride a horse one has to be in the back = we both cannot steer and be in charge, only one person can be up front or in charge, too many chefs spoil the soup
One horse town = very small, not many choices, not busy or advanced cite, unexciting, boring, not advanced
One horse race = no excitement, no competition, clear winner, only on guy in charge, the outcome is known
At the end of my rope = when a horse is tied and gets nervous or scared they try and get away when they get to the end of their rope, they feel trapped and explode, over time people would I am the end of my rope as a warning that they are about to blow up, they are getting too much pressure and need release
If wishes were horses, some people would need a lot of hay = someone that just dreams and wishes but takes no effort to achieve their goal, will not follow through, just talk no action
Look a gift horse in the mouth = impolite to check the length of a horses teeth to see how old it is, if someone gives you a horse, do not ask how much a gift cost, do not insult someone doing you a favor
On a high horse, get on a high horse, get off a high horse = small men would like a big or tall horse to feel stronger or more powerful, do not think you are smart just because you sit on tall horse, a high horse is in charge people who want to be in charge have a high or tall horse
Beat a dead horse = once a horse is dead no point in beating it, let it go, it is over, there is no point in continuing, stop talking about something, what you are doing is over kill and not doing any good, let it go, move on
Good horse sense = someone with who is smart or has good common sense, someone who understands a horse, someone who listens, makes good decisions
Every horse thinks it has the heaviest pack = people that think they do more than they actually do, people that think they are more important then they are, people who think they are smarter than everyone else, a false belief
Do not spare the horse = move your ass, get going, run the horses as fast as they can fun, hurry up do not hold back, get moving, spare no expense or resources, speed, urgency
Don't work yourself up in a lather = to get all worked up, to over-react, run around like a wild horse, to get all excited, when a horse did this they lather up and sweat and foam between the legs
Still Kicking = if a horse went down it was to have kicked the bucket, if the horse was still alive it was said that he was "still kicking".
The grass is always greener on the other side = Horses often reached across fences to get better grass. Since they were known to always be looking for greener pastures, the saying caught on and when people now look for something better like a job, it is said that they are looking for greener pastures or they are told the grass is always greener on the other side.
Unbridled = To unbridle a horse is to let it be free of the bit and restrictions imposed by humans. Still today the term is used to describe passion, freedom, with other synonyms are: abandoned, intemperate, raw, runaway, unbounded, rampant, unchecked, uncontrolled, unhampered, unhindered, unrestrained - conversely bridled means: checked, constrained, controlled, curbed, governed, hampered, hindered, restrained, temperate.
Get Back in the Saddle = When a new rider was thrown from a horse they were told to get back on and get back in the saddle. Today this is still used to tell people not to give up, not to be afraid and not to quit.
Trojan Horse = The Greeks left the huge wooden horse behind when they retreated from the siege of the walls of Troy as a gift. Hence the saying "beware of Greeks bearing gifts" - the wooden horse was a ruse and had hidden Greeks inside which led to the destruction of Troy. Still today, the term Trojan horse refers to something of trickery and untruthfulness.
Free Reins = When riding a horse if you give the horse loose reins and do not restrict him it allows the horse to do better and grow. Today giving someone "free reins" means giving them the opportunity to make their own success or mistakes, letting them grow and be free.
Straight from the horse's mouth = Horse racing tips were most trusted when they came from the people closest to the horse. So when a tip was considered good and reliable it was said that it came from the Horse's mouth, meaning someone close to the horse. Even today, when a rumor or comment is considered reliable and accurate it is said that it was "straight from the horse's mouth".
Gathering at the water hole = Getting a drink is a social an event for horses, so when the herd moves to water they drink together, relax, cool off and watch out for each other. In the old days people would refer to getting together socially as gathering at the water hole. Later this has evolved into gathering at the water cooler since people working in offices gather at the cooler to relax, get a drink and socialize. Now this term is still used when people meet a bar for a drink. Another small way horses have touched our lives with lessons.
Kick his ass = This term is still used to beat down someone or show someone who is boss or teach someone some manners. This came from the horse since when horses were plentiful, everyone had one and they were a huge part of humans. So when horses fight they kick each other in the butt. They do this to teach lessons, to gain respect or show dominance. So over the years the term has stuck and is still used today.
Barn Witch = someone that hangs out at barns and stirs the pot/kettle, creates problems, flies around on a broom since they cannot ride a horse, cast spells of evil on those that disagree with them, trouble makers, thinks gossip gives them power, bullies, likes to write on white boards and leave notes, cannot ride a horse but wants to tell everyone else how they should ride, took lessons at age two, watched a video on horse training, won a ribbon when they were 12, have owned horses their whole lives, has lots of excuses on why they do not ride anymore, cannot show or demonstrate anything they say you should do, really good at talking and giving advice, main purpose is to bring evil to others behind their back, know-it-alls, always willing to give free and unwanted advice
The Dead Horse
The tribal wisdom of the Dakota Indians passed on from generation to generation says that when you discover you are riding a dead horse, the best strategy is to dismount.
In modern education and government, far more advanced strategies have emerged:
1 - Buy a stronger whip
2 - Change riders
3 - Threaten the horse with termination
4 - Appoint a committee to study the horse
5 - Visit other countries to see how others ride dead horses
6 - Lower the standards so that dead horses can be included
7 - Reclassify the dead horse as "living impaired"
8 - Hire outside contractors to ride the dead horse
9 - Harness several dead horses together to increase the speed
10 - Provide additional funding or training to increase the dead horse's performance
11 - Create study to see if lighter riders will improve the dead horse's performance
12 - Declare the dead horse contributes to the economy as less costly to maintain
13 - Rewrite expected performance requirements for all horses
14 - Promote dead horse to a supervisory position
15 - Leverage the dead horse
16 - Craft a win-win agreement with the dead horse
17 - Build a glide path for the dead horse
18 - Customize someone else's dead horse to meet our requirements
19 - Empower the dead horse
20 - Train the dead horse to envision the desired outcome of his work
Home remedies for Horses:
Use it for: Minor cuts and burns, cough or sore throat How it works: Most of us have tried honey in tea to soothe a scratchy throat, but it's also been used to treat wounds for thousands of years. Last year, a review of research found that honey helps heal minor to moderate burns, and a recent Dutch study identified a protein called defensin-1 that gives the goo its antibacterial action. Try this: Apply warm honey to a minor cut or mild burn, then put a gauze bandage on top; change the dressing daily. However, if you have a burn or wound accompanied by swelling, fever, or pain, check with a doctor instead; it may require oral antibiotics.
Use it for: Bee stings, nonpoisonous spider bites - How it works: Meat tenderizer contains papain, an enzyme that breaks down proteins (like the ones in your T-bone steak). Papain can also break down toxins from bug bites and cut back on itching, Dr. Schaffran says. Note: Use tenderizer only on mosquito bites, bee stings, and nonpoisonous spider bites. If you experience symptoms such as nausea, difficulty breathing, or cramping in your abs or lower back, seek medical help immediately. Try this: Mix a small amount of meat tenderizer with water to make a paste and apply to the bite. Leave on for 10 to 15 minutes, then rinse with warm water.
Use it for: Eczema, sunburn, hives How it works: Oats pack phytochemicals with anti-inflammatory properties that soothe itchy and inflamed skin, a study in the Archives of Dermatological Research shows. Most MDs recommend using the finely ground colloidal type sold in drugstores, but any unflavored oatmeal will help. Try this: If you're using regular oatmeal, grind it into a fine powder, Dr. Schaffran says. Put a cup of oats through a food processor until they dissolve easily into a glass of water. Pour the solution into a bathtub full of warm water and soak for 15 minutes. Using colloidal oats? Just sprinkle them into the tub and say ahhh.
Apple Cider Vinegar with Mothers
This is has good things for stupid humans, horses and other animals. I have reprinted an article below that will shed some light on the benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar with Mothers, remember when you buy it look for the term "mother". This vinegar will be more cloudy and will have sediment collected at the bottom of the jar, so you have to shake it before use. I periodically put some apple cider vinegar (with mother) in my horses water bucket. I would think the sun would affect this so I do not fill water bucket when I add this, I put enough for the horses to get one or two drinks and have another water source available in case they need more water.
Vinegar is said to help them in many ways like helping with flies, hair, skin, immune system and other benefits. LESS IS MORE. Like most things with horses do NOT over use or over do this, too much of anything is not good. Check with you vet if you have any questions or do your own research. I also use vinegar for cleaning my silk scarves after I wash them to remove any soap residue. I some time use it in my horses hooves to helps prevent or stop beginning thrush. I have a link below for other uses.
WARNING: Do not drink or give your horse undiluted apple cider vinegar it can erode teeth enamel.
Click Here for Over 100 other uses for Vinegar
Detox and Cleanse with Raw Apple Cider Vinegar
(NaturalNews) The cleansing properties of apple cider vinegar have been utilized for centuries. Eastern medicine teaches us that apple cider vinegar can help stimulate circulation and aid detoxification in the liver. Ancient cultures often used apple cider vinegar to purify the blood. Today we are exposed to more toxins than ever before, so it's become even more important that we take care of our bodies by detoxing with natural medicinal foods like apple cider vinegar.
Apple cider vinegar is rich in natural minerals, vitamins and enzymes. Supplying these nutrients to the body is crucial during a time of detoxification, when all the systems in the body go into overdrive to purge out toxic material. The unique acids in apple cider vinegar can bind to toxins and help the body eliminate them more effectively. They are also equip to fight bacteria, fungus and Candida.
Another way apple cider vinegar aids detoxification is by breaking up mucus throughout the body and cleansing the lymph nodes to allow for better lymph circulation. A healthy lymphatic system can remove toxins from the cells in the body while improving immune system response.
Taking apple cider vinegar before meals aids digestion and improves gastric health, helping the body remove toxic waste more efficiently. When foods are digested thoroughly and waste eliminated quickly, the body is nourished and toxins are removed before they have time to do damage.
Remember, to get real results you must choose a real product. The ideal apple cider vinegar is in raw liquid form. It should be unprocessed and unfiltered, with plenty of "mother" in it. Any other kind of apple cider vinegar will be far less effective and may provide no benefits at all. In fact, some cheap imitations are simply white distilled vinegar with caramel coloring added!
Take apple cider vinegar in small doses throughout the day. Many people like to take 1-3 teaspoons in a glass of water before meals to aid digestion. Others enjoy adding it to hot water with honey to drink as a tea. You can also use apple cider vinegar to make tasty and nutritious sauces and salad dressings.
A hot bath prepared with a cup of apple cider vinegar and a cup of Epsom salts will draw toxins out through the skin and help jumpstart the cleansing process. This can also help relieve joint pain as well as skin conditions like eczema and acne.
While apple cider vinegar can play an important role in detoxification, it will be far more effective when combined with a naturally healthy lifestyle that includes these habits:
- Eat a balanced diet that consists of unprocessed, natural foods that will provide the body with the nutrition it needs to purify itself.
- Include some raw, uncooked foods in your diet since these supply important enzymes that will help you detox.
- Choose organic foods to help reduce your exposure to toxins. Keep in mind processed foods of all kinds should be avoided, even if they are labeled organic.
- Exercise regularly to improve the health of the circulatory and lymphatic systems, both of which work to cleanse and purify the body.
- Reduce toxin exposure by using natural household cleaners and beauty products.
- Drink only filtered water to avoid potential toxin exposure. Getting plenty of pure water will also aid natural detoxification processes.
Reprinted from: Tuesday, August 25, 2009 by: Elizabeth Walling
Another Article about Vinegar:
I was first introduced to apple cider vinegar (ACV for short) several years ago after reading in a magazine that Fergie (Black Eyed Peas, not Duchess of York) takes a couple of teaspoons each day to assist weight loss. A body like Fergie by drinking apple cider vinegar? That is one bandwagon I was quick to jump on. While I'm still waiting for Fergie-like abs, I have been reaping the many other health benefits associated with including a little ACV in my diet. ACV has been touted for it many medicinal properties for yonks and it really is a cure-all remedy.
These are just a few benefits of apple cider vinegar
Being rich in natural minerals, vitamins and enzymes makes apple cider vinegar a great addition to any detox. The unique acids in apple cider vinegar can bind to toxins and help the body eliminate them more effectively. Apple cider vinegar can also help to stimulate circulation and aid detoxification in the liver. In ancient cultures ACV was often used to purify the blood. Another way apple cider vinegar aids detoxification is by breaking up mucus throughout the body and cleansing the lymph nodes to allow for better lymph circulation. A healthy lymphatic system can remove toxins from the cells in the body while improving immune system response.
2. To promote weight loss
Apple cider vinegar may aid in weight loss by stabilizing the blood sugar for a longer period and helping to control the appetite. Try taking 1-2 teaspoons in water before each meal. This little trick may also help with diabetes. Don't just rely on ACV to help you trim down though. It won't work if your diet is rubbish. ACV should be an accompaniment to a healthy, balanced diet.
3. To help with digestion
Aiding digestion is possibly one of apple cider vinegar's biggest claims to fame. It can help with common indigestion and gastrointestinal discomfort caused by certain foods and it is said to clear up chronic acid reflux when taken religiously with each meal.
4. To alleviate skin problems
Apple cider vinegar can be used as a topical astringent for acne prone skin, and some even report that taking ACV orally every day has helped clear their skin. Add a cup of apple cider vinegar and a cup of Epsom salts to a hot bath to draw toxins out through the skin and help jumpstart the cleansing process. This can also help relieve joint pain as well as skin conditions like eczema and acne.
5. To get rid of warts
Try this for a home wart removal remedy: Soak a cotton ball with apple cider vinegar and attach it to the wart site with a band aid. Leave overnight. Repeat each night until the wart disappears.
6. Helps ward off sickness
Apple cider vinegar devotees claim that this miracle elixir is one of the main reasons they are able to ward of common illnesses. This can most likely be chalked up to ACV's unique blend of vitamins, minerals and enzymes. It also possesses antimicrobial and antiseptic properties.
7. For soft and shiny hair
Acetic acid, the main ingredient in ACV, will remove build up from styling products and conditioners and strengthen the hair shaft, leaving you with soft, shiny strands. It will also balance hair's pH level, kill bacteria, and is a cure for dandruff.
Dilute 1/3 cup ACV in 4 cups of water and pour over your hair after shampooing. Leave it in for a few seconds before rinse your hair using cold water to seal the hair shaft and create more shine. Because vinegar is acidic, using the rinse daily is not advised. And no, your hair won't stink like vinegar - the smell will go away after your hair dries.
How to take it orally
Add 1-3 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar to a glass of warm or cool water before each meal. You can also add it to hot water with a little honey and drink it as a tea. Apple cider vinegar is also great as a salad dressing when mixed with flaxseed oil and honey.
It's important to buy an apple cider vinegar that is organic and unfiltered so that all of its nutritional value is in tact. The Bragg's brand is great. The hazy looking stuff that settles to the bottom is called "the mother" and it is said to be the most nutritious part of the apple cider vinegar for its therapeutic benefits.
By: Jess Ainscough
Mule verses Horse; Which is Better?
I am asked many questions about Mules. The most common question I get is which is better a Mule or a Horse? I will address this issue from what I have been told, but like most horse questions, It Depends.
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse.
I have had many people that own a mule, tell me once you ride a mule you will never want to ride a horse again. On the other hand, I have horse people tell me, a horse is much better than a mule.
The good that people say about mules are; they tend to be more sure footed, have harder hooves and will never need shoes, they think more than horses and are not as reactionary, they are more loyal to one person and will not work for others like they will for their owner, they are stronger than a horse and can carry more weight since their bone mass is heavier. What one person sees as a thinker, another may see as stubborn. Hence the term, stubborn as a mule. This is because mules are thinkers and cannot be bullied into training like horses can, since they are considered more intelligent and thinkers.
The Bad that people say about mules are; they are slower and harder to get to work, they are not as smooth as a horse, they will not push for you and will stop, they question you and won't go through anything like a horse will, you can't lead a mule like you can a horse, they are harder to get into a canter and will take a lot longer to speed up or slow down. Mules tend to be more territorial than horses. If smaller animals like dogs, sheep or goats get into a mules area he may chase it down, stomp it or bite and throw it. Horses tend to be more forgiving than mules. A mule will remember if you mistreat it and payback will delivered sometime in the future.
So, is one better or worse than the other, it depends.
A horse will go from a dead stop to full canter, in general a mule will have to walk, walk faster, trot slow, trot faster, then get up to a canter. A horse will work and go until it drops dead and will not tell you NO. A mule will not work past what it knows is enough or unhealthy, a mule will say when it has had enough and will stop. Horses react more since flight is their first choice for survival. Mules tend to think and decide to fight or run. A mule will fight before a horse will. Some say anyone can train a horse, but you better be real good with horses before you try and train a mule. Mules tend to be more accurate with their feet, when walking or kicking. Mules have harder hooves than horses. If you corner a horse he will rear or try and run away, a mule is more likely to push or fight back if you corner him. A mule will not do for others what it will do for it's owner. Mules tend to be one person loyal, this can be good or bad. Some say a horse is smoother to ride, others say a mule is smoother to ride. Horses are more vocal than mules, so a horse may call to his friends, a mule will not. A mule is a litter faster than a horse, but it will take longer to reach that top speed and a little longer to stop. Mules tend to live longer and have fewer problems than horses. You can normally ride a mule to an older age than a horse. Mules tend to think and not over eat like horses, so founder and other feeding problems tend to be less. Mules tend to be more intelligent than a horse since they think about their own safety. Which is why they stop working before over heating, or they will not be pushed to a limit that harms them.
Now with all that said, any horse or mule could be good or bad or better or worse, it depends on many factors. Therefore, for me or anyone else to tell you which is better is being dishonest and bias. The answer to the question, which is better a Horse or Mule? The answer is, It Depends.
Barn Plans and Designs
There are many different ways to build sheds, barns and other horse related shelters. Things to consider is location, dry, facing away from wind and cold, blocking the West Sun, ventilation, safety, drainage, footing and other factors.
Here is a link to college that has some basic plans to use, modify or help you get started with horse structures. Horse Building Plans & Designs.
Do Horses Like Rusty Bits?
Does this really need to be answered? Apparently so since if you google it you get 100 hits with stupid comments about horses like rusty, rough, flaking, nasty rusty metal bits. Of course, there are always the idiots that repeat what they heard and want to sound smart and bring up sweet iron bits. I will cover this more but the short answer is "Hell no a horse does not like a rough, sharp, rusty, nasty piece of metal in their sensitive mouth."
This may shock all the dummies that have telling people horses like rust.
Like most things when ignorant people say things like this I say - put it in your mouth and see if you like it.
Another tip for blind - is if rusty bits were so GREAT - why wouldn't manufactures of bits sell them? We call that a clue in the real world. No one sells rusty bits- ask yourself why? Perhaps if they make a Pink rusty bit, it would sell, but only an idiot would buy it.
This philosophy is another way to justify lazy and ignorant behavior. Only the foolish think it works better since it is rougher, taste like crap and hurts the horse more causing tears and cuts up the sensitive soft tissue in the horse's mouth. The unknowing see the horse respond better and faster, so if the horse appears to respond faster, since it hurts more, then it must be better - sharp rusting metal causes abrasions in the horse's mouth and gums - only a blind person could not see this.
When someone brings up a sweet iron bit has a sweet taste for the horse - this was a belief in the 30's and 40's - as far as I know, there was never a talking a horse that said "I like a rough rusty metal pain bit in my mouth and it taste good."
Many bit uses never look in their horse's mouth and will never the sores, cuts, bleeding gums and torn tissue in the horse's mouth. However, these same people will be the ones claiming their horse likes it.
Another foolish misconception is a rusty bit makes a horse salivate and it helps promote salivation. No shit - if I put something nasty in your mouth you will salivate, spit and not want to swallow the rancid taste - that is why a horse appears to salivate when you put a nasty rusty bit in their mouth. Again, people will justify ignorance with ignorance.
Luckily most horses are vaccinated against tetanus (all horses should get a yearly booster), no telling how many horses are ingesting rust, which is the primary and greatest cause of Tetanus. Here is a thought, if rusty bits are better, then rusty nails should be better when putting on shoes since the rought rust will help the nails stay in better. I hope that that sounds as ignorant as it is. This same type of ignorant argument is used by horse people to lazy to clean their horses water so they say horses like dirty nasty water with fish and moss in it? Stop repeating ignorance.
Of course, when the dummies that have been promoting this ignorance read this they will have 1000 excuses why they are right and my logic and common sense is not right. Think for yourself, treat your horse like you would like to be treated, and if it sounds stupid, it probably is. Learn how to think and stop listening to those that tell you what to think.
In closing, if you think your horse likes something, then try it first, if you don't like it, won't drink it, or think it hurts, then I assure you, your horse feels the same way.
Why Do Horses Run Back Into A Barn That Is On Fire
This saying has been around for years. If your barn is on fire, once you get the horses out make sure and close the door or the horses will run back in. They someone says horses are stupid to run into a burning barn.
So what is really going on is conditioning of the horse. A horse loves freedom and was never meant to be locked up and caged in cells, I mean stalls. Horse are the Masters of adaption. They adapt, learn, accept and don't fight back. Which is why they attract weak people and bullies that like to control and abuse them because they don't fight back.
So when a horse is caged, locked up and forced to be kept in cells, they adapt. The accept it and are forced to find comfort and security in their cells. This is the same reasons horses attack people from their stalls, they have no control of their life or freedom, so the only thing they can control is their little cell, so they get protective and possessive. This causes them to lash out of anyone by their stalls as a way not to lose the only place they can control and have been conditioned to connect it with safety and security. It is a cruel life for a horse, but they have no choice.
So when a barn is on fire and stupid humans are running screaming grabbing horses and just letting them lose outside the barn and screaming and panic is in the air, the horse feel this. So what do horses do 90 percent of their life, they seek comfort and security and a safe place. So when the horse is let free in chaos, he immediately seeks comfort and safety, which to him, is his own cell that he has been forced to live in. So he runs back to his stall and back into a burning building. Just like if scared a horse will run over a cliff to his death if he is being chased or scared for his life.
Horses do not see around corners, they do look three moves ahead, they do not evaluate the consequences of their actions, and they act with FLIGHT to save their life. From the time they are born they know to run from fear and danger and do not think about it or you will die. This is why I always say when a horse gets hurt because stupid humans put the horse in a bad situation, the horse is only being a horse and that is all he knows how to be.